ESP8266 NodeMCU Interface with BMP280 Sensor and ST7789 TFT

This is another post that shows how to connect the ESP8266 NodeMCU board (ESP-12E) with ST7789 TFT display.
In this project we’ll see how to interface ESP8266 NodeMCU board with BMP280 barometric pressure and temperature sensor from Bosch Sensortec.
The NodeMCU microcontroller (ESP8266EX) reads temperature & pressure values from the BMP280 sensor and prints them (respectively in °C and hPa) on the ST7789 display.

The ST7789 TFT module contains a display controller with the same name: ST7789. It’s a color display that uses SPI interface protocol and requires 3, 4 or 5 control pins, it’s low cost and easy to use. This display is an IPS display, it comes in different sizes (1.3″, 1.54″ …) but all of them should have the same resolution of 240×240 pixel, this means it has 57600 pixels. This module works with 3.3V only and it does not support 5V.

TFT: Thin-Film Transistor.
SPI: Serial Peripheral Interface.
IPS: In-Plane Switching.

To see how to interface the ESP8266 NodeMCU board with ST7789 TFT display, visit this post:
Interfacing ESP8266 NodeMCU with ST7789 TFT Display

About the BMP280 sensor:
The BMP280 sensor from Bosch Sensortec is a low cost pressure and temperature sensor with good accuracy. Because pressure changes with altitude we can use it as an altimeter with ±1 meter accuracy (pressure accuracy = ±1 hPa). Some parameters of the sensor are listed below:

Pressure range: 300…1100 hPa (equivalent to +9000…-500m above/below sea level)
Pressure resolution: 0.01 hPa ( < 10 cm)
Temperature range: -40…85 °C
Temperature resolution: 0.01 °C
Interface: I2C and SPI

Hardware Required:

  • ESP8266 NodeMCU board
  • ST7789 TFT display module
  • BMP280 sensor module   —->  datasheet
  • micro USB cable (for programming and powering the circuit)
  • Breadboard
  • Jumper wires

ESP8266 NodeMCU with BMP280 sensor and ST7789 TFT circuit:
Project circuit schematic diagram is shown below.

Generally, the BMP280 sensor module has at least 4 pins because it can work in SPI mode or I2C mode, it’s connected to the ESP8266 NodeMCU board as described below.
For the I2C mode we need 4 pins: VCC, GND, SDA and SCL where:
VCC is the supply pin which is connected to NodeMCU 3V3 pin,
GND (ground) is connected to NodeMCU GND pin,
SDA is I2C bus serial data line, connected to NodeMCU pin D2 (GPIO4),
SCL is I2C bus serial clock line, connected to NodeMCU pin D1 (GPIO5).

NodeMCU ESP8266 BMP280 sensor ST7789 color display circuit

The ST7789 display module shown in project circuit diagram has 7 pins: (from right to left): GND (ground), VCC, SCL (serial clock), SDA (serial data), RES (reset), DC (or D/C: data/command) and BLK (back light).

The ST7789 TFT display module is connected to the NodeMCU board as follows:
GND is connected to pin GND of the NodeMCU board,
VCC and BL are connected to pin 3V3,
SCL pin is connected to D5 (ESP8266EX GPIO14),
SDA pin is connected to D7 (ESP8266EX GPIO13),
RES pin is connected to D4 (ESP8266EX GPIO2),
DC pin is connected to D3 (ESP8266EX GPIO0).

If the display module has a CS pin (Chip Select) then it should be connected to NodeMCU pin D8 (GPIO15).

Connecting the BLK pin is optional. The back light turns off when the BLK pin connected to the ground (GND).

Pins D5 (GPIO14) and D7 (GPIO13) are hardware SPI module pins of the ESP8266EX microcontroller respectively for SCK (serial clock) and MOSI (master-out slave-in).

ESP8266 NodeMCU with BMP280 sensor and ST7789 TFT code:
The following Arduino code requires 3 libraries from Adafruit Industries:
The first library is a driver for the ST7789 TFT display which can be installed from Arduino IDE library manager (Sketch —> Include Library —> Manage Libraries …, in the search box write “st7789” and install the one from Adafruit).

The second library is Adafruit graphics library which can be installed also from Arduino IDE library manager.

The 3rd library is for the BMP280 sensor, it may be installed using library manager (in the search box write “bmp280” and choose the one from Adafruit).

The 3 libraries can be installed manually, first download them from the following links:
Adafruit ST7789 TFT library    —->  direct link
Adafruit graphics library        —->  direct link
Adafruit BMP280 Library        —-> direct link

You may need to install Adafruit Unified Sensor library if it’s not already installed, download link is below:
Adafruit Unified Sensor library   —->    direct link

After the download, go to Arduino IDE —> Sketch —> Include Library —> Add .ZIP Library … and browse for the .zip file (previously downloaded).
The same thing for the other library files.

Hints:
In the code there are total of 4 libraries, they’re included in the code as follows:

As any other I2C device, the BMP280 sensor has an I2C slave address which may be 0x76 or 0x77. This address depends on the connection of the SDO pin (used for SPI mode as serial data out or MISO), if the SDO pin is connected (directly or through resistor) to VCC (3.3V) the address will be 0x77, and if it’s connected to GND the address will be 0x76.

The default I2C address of the BMP280 library is defined as 0x77 and my device I2C address is 0x76.
In the code, the definition of the I2C slave address and the initialization of its library are shown below:

The initialization of the BMP280 sensor is done using the function begin() which returns 1 if OK and 0 if error. In the code the initialization with the previously defined address is as shown below:

Reading the values of temperature and pressure:

Note that the BMP280 sensor library returns the value of the pressure in Pa unit and to convert it to hPa we’ve to divide it by 100.

1 bar = 10000 Pa = 100 hPa. ( 1 hPa = 100 Pa = 1 millibar)
Pa: Pascal
hPa: hectoPascal

Temperature and pressure values are printed on the ST7789 TFT display.
If there is a problem with the BMP280 sensor (for example wrong device address) the screen will display Connection Error

Full Arduino Code:

The following picture shows my simple protoboad circuit:

NodeMCU board with ST7789 TFT and BMP280 sensor

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.